Home > Published Issues > 2024 > Volume 13, No. 2, 2024 >
IJMERR 2024 Vol.13(2): 196-204
doi: 10.18178/ijmerr.13.2.196-204

Vibration Analysis of Suspension System for 3DOF Quarter Car Model with Tire Damping

Yin Yin Aye, Htay Htay Win, War War Min Swe, and Aung Ko Lat *
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mandalay Technological University, Mandalay, Myanmar
Email: yinnyinn2741988@gmail.com (Y.Y.A.); htayhtayw@gmail.com (H.H.W.); warwarminswe288@gmail.com (W.W.M.S.); dr.aungkolat@gmail.com (A.K.L.)
*Corresponding author

Manuscript received October 3, 2023; revised November 20, 2023; accepted December 6, 2023; published March 15, 2024.

Abstract—Quarter car model is the simplest way for the analysis of vehicle suspension system. The objective of this study is to propose the natural frequency and to identify the displacement analysis of 3 Degree of Freedom (3DOF) suspension system using Matlab software. Research methodology are state space modelling method and logarithmic decrement method. From the state space modelling, seat mass, sprung mass and unsprung mass displacement have been calculated. Logarithmic decrement method is a time domain technique to obtain experimental damping ratio. The novelty of this research has demonstrated the experimental approach by using Quantum X (catman AP v5 software). Natural frequency and acceleration results are obtained from the time domain response of experimental data. The value of sprung mass natural frequency for theoretical (1.23 Hz) and experimental (1.134 Hz) result are within 1Hz to 2Hz. The maximum displacement transmissibility values for theoretical (2.7) and experimental (2.54) approach are less than the reference value (3.5) at the resonance point. The findings demonstrated that the results of natural frequency and damping ratio are within the acceptable limit. So, the obtained results are validated the suspension system of Nissan Sunny model for vehicle safety and passenger comfort.

Keywords—displacement, logarithmic decrement, Matlab software, natural frequency, state space modelling

Cite: Yin Yin Aye, Htay Htay Win, War War Min Swe, and Aung Ko Lat, "Vibration Analysis of Suspension System for 3DOF Quarter Car Model with Tire Damping," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 196-204, 2024.

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.