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IJMERR 2023 Vol.12(5): 275-283
DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.12.5.275-283

Modeling and Designing Hierarchical Sliding Mode Controller for a 4-DOF Solar Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

Tuan Nguyen Van 1,2*, Phong Dinh Van 3, Tan Nguyen Cong 3, and Hung Nguyen Chi 3
1. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, Phenikaa University, Hanoi, Vietnam
2. Phenikaa Research and Technology Institute (PRATI), Hanoi, Vietnam
3. School of Mechanical Engineering, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam;
*Correspondence: tuan.nguyenvan@phenikaa-uni.edu.vn (T.N.V.)

Manuscript received October 5, 2022; revised November 25, 2022; accepted March 13, 2023.

Abstract—Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV) are automatic equipment that can move in 6 degrees of freedom according to the motion in the water. Modeling accurately AUV is very difficult because of the influence of factors such as hydrodynamic forces, time error, and environmental noise, etc. It is important that the controller designing needs to meet the requirements of stability and suitability to specific diving equipment models. The hydrodynamic equations are established with the assumed conditions. Controlling self-propelled diving equipment is a major challenge for researchers because of the complex, and nonlinear correlation between diving and operating environments. Therefore, high-quality control systems for the AUV should exhibit the ability to update the variability of the device's hydrodynamic coefficients to achieve the desired control quality. In this study, the authors focus on building a Hierarchical Sliding Mode Controller (HSMC) for Solar Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (S-AUV), the kinematics and dynamics of the underactuated attitude control adjusting system are analyzed. More precisely, the controller is designed based on the hydrodynamic model of the S-AUV. By employing the propulsion speed, the position of the steering blades as design variables, the dive of the S-AUV is stably controlled in location, velocity, and depth. For a given set of operating parameters, the simulation result shows that the developed controller exhibits errors within the allowed range of values.

Keywords—solar autonomous underwater vehicles, underactuated system, hierarchical sliding mode controller, control AUV, S-AUV

Cite: Tuan Nguyen Van, Phong Dinh Van, Tan Nguyen Cong, and Hung Nguyen Chi, "Modeling and Designing Hierarchical Sliding Mode Controller for a 4-DOF Solar Autonomous Underwater Vehicles," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 275-283, September 2023. 

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.