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Visual Servo Control for Balancing a Ball-Plate System

Chi-Cheng Cheng and Chen-Hsun Tsai
Dept. of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China

Abstract—This paper presents a skillful robotic wrist system using a visual servo control technique to demonstrate dexterity of the mechanical wrist from the viewpoint of the table tennis. A ball and plate system is chosen as the first stage of this long-term project. A two degrees-of-freedom robotic wrist with an acrylic plate attached as the end effector is developed. A visual feedback control system is implemented with a video camera and a personal computer to acquire the ball's position. In order to implement decision making for changing orientation of the plate, a Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) control algorithm is designed. As a result, the ball can be balanced at specific positions. Experimental results exhibit preliminary and promising achievement. Based on this progress, further improvement and deeper exploration can be carried on in the future.

Index Terms—intelligent control, Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR), robotics, the ball-plate system, visual servo

Cite: Chi-Cheng Cheng and Chen-Hsun Tsai, "Visual Servo Control for Balancing a Ball-Plate System," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 28-32, January 2016. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.5.1.28-32