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IJMERR 2024 Vol.13(1): 105-112
doi: 10.18178/ijmerr.13.1.105-112

Design of Magnetorheological Fluid Damper with Optimal Damping Force

Vinod Chauhan *, Ashwani Kumar, and Radhey Sham
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology, Chandigarh, India
Email: vinodchauhan@ccet.ac.in (V.C.); ashwanikumar@ccet.ac.in (A.K.); radheysham@ccet.ac.in (R.S.)
*Corresponding author

Manuscript received August 31, 2023; revised September 25, 2023; accepted October 25, 2023; published February 6, 2024.

Abstract—This article focuses on designing and analyzing of an optimal Magnetorheological Fluid Damper (MRFD) having varying piston shape channeled into the piston of the MRFD. A finite element approach has been employed to investigate the impact of piston material, piston shape, MR fluid gap and pole length on the generated magnetic field density, yield stress along with damping force. Taguchi L18 orthogonal array has been exercised to obtain the optimal damping force. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) results investigate the contribution of the selected parameters and depict that the MR fluid gap is the most predominant factor which affects the damping force, making a contribution of 77.56%, followed by piston material which contributes 12.40%, pole length with a contribution of 8.23% and piston shape has negligible contribution of 0.07%. Taguchi predicts the optimized model for the selected parameters as A2B2C1D3 which has been validated by carrying out the analysis using ANSYS Maxwell software v. 16. The damping force of 1053 N has been obtained for the optimal MR damper model which is based on the prediction of the Taguchi results.

Keywords—Magnetorheological (MR) fluid, Finite element approach, magnetic field density, yield stress, damping force

Cite: Vinod Chauhan, Ashwani Kumar, and Radhey Sham, "Design of Magnetorheological Fluid Damper with Optimal Damping Force," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 105-112, 2024.

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.