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IJMERR 2023 Vol.12(4): 223-230
DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.12.4.223-230

Study on Chiller Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method Based on KNN Algorithm and ANOVA

Le Minh Nhut * and Le Ha Dong Quan
Department of Thermal Engineering, Faculty of Vehicle and Energy Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education, Thu Duc City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
*Correspondence: nhutlm@hcmute.edu.vn (L.M.N.)

Manuscript received October 21, 2022; revised December 22, 2022; accepted February 13, 2023.

Abstract—As the economy, population, and industry have grown in recent years, more and more water chiller systems have been installed in many buildings throughout the world. However, faults can appear during operation, leading to a reduction in the life of a system and increased energy consumption. As a result, it is necessary to identify and overcome these faults. This paper proposes a chiller fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) method based on the K-nearest neighbors (KNN) algorithm and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) to reduce the number of sensors in a real system and to improve the performance of chiller FDD. A Python program based on the KNN and ANOVA models was developed to simulate and validate the chiller fault detection and diagnosis. The results showed that the correct rates (CRs) of stages 1 and 2 in Case 1 were 99.53% and 99.60%, respectively, whereas the CRs of stages 1 and 2 in Case 2 were 99.08% and 99.48%, respectively. The highest performance of the proposed chiller FDD method was achieved when compared to the CBA method, the EBD-DBN method, and the GDW-SVDD method for Case 2 with slight-severity levels 1 and 2. Furthermore, this method was validated using real data under normal operating conditions and the condenser fouling fault of a centrifugal water-cooled chiller from the Saigon Center building in Vietnam. The results showed that the overall performance of chiller FDD was 97.61%, and the hit rate of the condenser fouling fault was 93.46%. This demonstrated that chiller FDD based on KNN and ANOVA has high reliability and can be used in industry.

Keywords—Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning (HVAC), faults, diagnosis, water chiller, K-nearest Neighbors (KNN) algorithm, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)

Cite: Le Minh Nhut and Le Ha Dong Quan, "Study on Chiller Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method Based on KNN Algorithm and ANOVA," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 223-230, July 2023. 

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.