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Synthesis and Characterization of Biocomposites

Swarup Kumar Nayak, Purna C Mishra, Manoj Ukamanal, Durga P Ghosh, and Susant K Sahu
School of Mechanical Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar 24, Odisha, India

Abstract—The main aim of this work is to prepare a biodegradable biocomposites by extracting cellulose from natural fiber which had extracted from century plant of agavaceae family. Use of synthetic polymers in every segment of our life has increased the plastic waste in large quantities, which forms one of the major environmental problems the world is facing today. In this context thermosetting resin is used for the preparation of laminates prepared by hand layup technique. These are then characterized accordingly by conducting water absorption test and flexural test to study water absorption properties. These properties are evaluated as per American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards. Intention of this work is to replace a material/metal which are used in many applications by a biodegradable composite that are prepared from natural fibers which is biodegradable, high stiffness, low weight, renewable, non-toxic, ecofriendly to the environment.

Index Terms—Cellulose, Natural fiber, Thermosetting resin, Layup technique, Water absorption test, Flexural test.

Cite: Swarup Kumar Nayak, Purna C Mishra, Manoj Ukamanal, Durga P Ghosh, and Susant K Sahu, "Synthesis and Characterization of Biocomposites," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 190-196, October 2013.