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IJMERR 2023 Vol.12(3): 137-144
DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.12.3.137-144

Estimation of CNC Machining Parameter Levels for Brass Union Using an Adaptive Constrained Response Surface Optimization Model

Pongchanun Luangpaiboon 1*, Napatchya Kantaputra 1, Natchira Chongsawad 1, Pasura Aungkulanon 2, Lakkana Ruekkasaem 3, and Walailak Atthirawong 4
1. Thammasat University Research Unit in Industrial Statistics and Operational Research, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand
2. Department of Materials Handling and Logistics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand
3. Faculty of Industrial Technology, Phranakorn Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand
4. Department of Statistics, School of Science, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
*Correspondence: lpongch@engr.tu.ac.th (P. L.) (M.A.A.K.)

Manuscript received December 12, 2022; revised January 8, 2023; accepted February 10, 2023.

Abstract—The selection of appropriate levels of machining parameters is an important consideration that determines machinability or other quality measures. In this study, the CNC machining process was designed to optimize the effects of machining parameters such as feed rate, spindle speed, and tool life in the production of brass unions, which are commonly used in air conditioners. The numerical design was carried out using a proposed adaptive constrained response surface optimization model (ACRSOM). The ACRSOM's evolutionary operations began with the conventional factorial design, which was used to identify the influential effects of the main and some selected parameter interactions on transformed proportion responses. The first phase was used to move quickly toward the optimum with adequate design points, whereas the second phase was used to minimize the standard deviation of transformed responses under the desired mean target. The ACRSOM was generated in linear or nonlinear forms, based on either unreplicated or replicated designed plans, which were then combined to generate the new operating condition. With the optimal setting of 0.08 feed rate; 2,300 spindle speed and 10,000 tool life obtained from the proposed model, the percentage of defects is reduced from 0.3371 to 0.0610. Furthermore, process variation is greatly reduced from the previous operating condition.

Keywords—brass union, carbide half-round drill, constrained response surface model, drilling process, designed experimental plan, proportion response

Cite: Pongchanun Luangpaiboon, Napatchya Kantaputra, Natchira Chongsawad, Pasura Aungkulanon, Lakkana Ruekkasaem, and Walailak Atthirawong, "Estimation of CNC Machining Parameter Levels for Brass Union Using an Adaptive Constrained Response Surface Optimization Model ," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 137-144, May 2023. 

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.