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IJMERR 2022 Vol.11(7): 535-541

Path Tracking Control Based on an Adaptive MPC to Changing Vehicle Dynamics

John M. Guirguis, Sherif Hammad, and Shady A. Maged
Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract—In this paper, an adaptive Model Predictive Controller (MPC) is proposed as a solution for path tracking control problem for autonomous vehicles. The effect of feeding the MPC with a continuously changing vehicle’s mathematical model is studied, so that the controller becomes more adaptable to changing parameter values accompanied with instantaneous states. The proposed MPC is compared with both Stanley controller and a similar MPC that uses a fixed vehicle model. The performance is measured by the ability to minimize both lateral position and heading angle errors. A dynamic bicycle model for the vehicle is deployed in the MPC and the controllers are simulated in CarSim-MATLAB/Simulink co-simulation environment using three common maneuvers: S-Road, double lane change and curved road. Results show that the proposed controller gives better tracking performance than the two others with minimal instantaneous and root mean square RMS errors.

Index Terms—autonomous vehicle, model predictive control, path tracking control

Cite: John M. Guirguis, Sherif Hammad, and Shady A. Maged, "Path Tracking Control Based on an Adaptive MPC to Changing Vehicle Dynamics," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 11, No. 7, pp. 535-541, July 2022. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.11.7.535-541

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.