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IJMERR 2024 Vol.13(3): 362-367
doi: 10.18178/ijmerr.13.3.362-367

Design and Development of Portable Wrist Rehabilitation Device for Post-Stroke Subjects: A Pilot Study

Porkodi Jayavel, Varshini Karthik, and Ashokkumar Devaraj *
Department of Biomedical Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, College of Engineering and Technology, Kattankulathur, India
Email: pj9630@srmist.edu.in (P.J.); varshinikps@gmail.com (V.K.); ashokd@srmist.edu.in (A.D.)
*Corresponding author

Manuscript received November 28, 2023; revised January 6, 2024; accepted January 15, 2024; published May 24, 2024.

Abstract—Wrist mobility is vital for post-stroke patients to carry out their daily activities. The use of robotic devices in hand rehabilitation has increased significantly in recent years, allowing patients to get training at home and effectively compensating for the therapist-to-patient ratio. Nevertheless, rehabilitation devices are expensive, cumbersome, immobile, and difficult to wear and operate. This work proposes a new method for designing a wrist rehabilitation device that uses airbag technology to minimize device weight and size. A triangular prism-shaped Neoprene (synthetic rubber) airbag is utilized in the experiment; which is inflated and deflated using a DC motorized air pump. An accelerometer sensor serves as the control input for the wrist rehabilitation exercise device. The proposed device trains the impaired hand of ten hemiplegic post-stroke patients. A goniometer and Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) are used to measure wrist motion before and after the training regimen to evaluate the results. The mean angle (in degree) of wrist flexion increases from 8.6 ± 2.59 to 18.4 ± 5.19 (p = 0.005). Likewise, an increase in the wrist extension angle from 12.3 ± 3.62 to 17.7 ± 6.2 (p = 0.008) is noted. The wrist rehabilitation device is lightweight, portable, and simple to use, producing good results for hemiplegic individuals with hand disability. The suggested invention enables the user to extend their wrist’s range of motion.

Keywords—airbag, extension, stroke, flexion, rehabilitation, strength

Cite: Porkodi Jayavel, Varshini Karthik, and Ashokkumar Devaraj, "Design and Development of Portable Wrist Rehabilitation Device for Post-Stroke Subjects: A Pilot Study," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 362-367, 2024.

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.