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Smart Bone Drilling Machine

Abdalla A. S. Abbas and Khaled A. Abou-El-Hossein
Nelson Mandela University/Mechatronics, Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Abstract—Bone drilling operations are carried out in hospitals in different surgical operations worldwide. Such procedures are carried out by using a manual bone drill which is operated by the surgeon. This operation is very delicate, precise and requires high accuracy to drill until the specified depth is reached. This paper present a smart mechatronic tool for automatic bone drilling, where the linear movement and rotation of the drill bit are controlled. Breakthrough detection method and control algorithms are implemented to stop the drilling procedure upon penetration of bone. Finally, validation and testing of the prototype have been carried out. 

Index Terms—assisted surgery, bone drilling, breakthrough, layer detection

Cite: Abdalla A. S. Abbas and Khaled A. Abou-El-Hossein, "Smart Bone Drilling Machine" International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 248-251, February 2020. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.9.2.248-251

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.