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Environmental Conscious Manufacturing and Use of Analytical Network Process (ANP) Decision Tool in ECM

Rajkumar Duhan1 , Manish Bansal1, and Haripal Dhariwal2
1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
2.Department of Automobile Engineering, Government Polytechnic Manesar, Gurgaon.

Abstract—Today the increasing industrialization creates huge pressure on environment and due to this industrialization many environmental related problems arises daily. The global warming, air, water and noise pollution, ozone layer depletion are some of the major problems. With the global awareness of environmental risk as well as market pressure to get maximum benefits, manufacturing system requires new development and Environmental Conscious Manufacturing (ECM) is the only solution for these problems. Multinational and domestic corporations all around the world are adopting environmental manufacturing. The Analytic Network Process (ANP) is a more general form of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) used in multi-criteria decision analysis. AHP structures a decision problem into a hierarchy with a goal, decision criteria, and alternatives, while the ANP structures it as a network. Both then use a system of pairwise comparisons to measure the weights of the components of the structure, and finally to rank the alternatives in the decision. ECM is also known as Green Manufacturing.

Index Terms—ANP software, Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing (ECM) parameters, Various decision tools, Planning and control, etc.

Cite: Rajkumar Duhan, Manish Bansal, and Haripal Dhariwal, "Environmental Conscious Manufacturing and Use of Analytical Network Process (ANP) Decision Tool in ECM," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol.1, No.3, pp. 237-247, October 2012.