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IJMERR 2023 Vol.12(1): 32-39
DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.12.1.32-39

A Novel ANSMC Algorithm for Tracking Control of 3-DOF Planar Parallel Manipulators

Thanh Nguyen Truong, Anh Tuan Vo, and Hee-Jun Kang*
Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 44610, South Korea
*Correspondence: hjkang@ulsan.ac.kr

Manuscript received May 30, 2022; revised August 30, 2022; accepted October 12, 2022.

Abstract—Our article mainly focuses on dealing with several limitations of conventional sliding mode control (SMC), proportional-integral-derivative SMC (PID-SMC), and integral SMC (ISMC) for 3-DOF robotic manipulators at the same time. The paper focuses on three main points: improving the control accuracy, reducing chattering phenomena, and the convergence speed of the system states. Therefore, we develop a novel adaptive neural sliding mode control (ANSMC) algorithm for 3-DOF parallel robotic manipulators which has a complicated dynamic model, including modeling uncertainties, frictional uncertainties, and external disturbances. The control method is designed from three main control techniques, including ISMC, Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN), and the adaptive technique. First, a new integral terminal sliding mode (ITSM) surface is proposed to enhance the response rate and convergence rate. Second, RBFNN is employed to address disturbances and uncertainties. Besides, RBFNN also plays the role in reducing chattering behavior. While the adaptive technique is integrated into the reaching control law to remove the need for the upper bound values. Consequently, the proposed control system provides a high tracking accuracy and fast convergence rate. The chattering phenomena are significantly diminished in control signals. Simulation results on a 3-DOF parallel manipulator have confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed control method.

Keywords—adaptive controller, planar parallel manipulator, radial basis function neural network, sliding mode controller

Cite: Thanh Nguyen Truong, Anh Tuan Vo, and Hee-Jun Kang, "A Novel ANSMC Algorithm for Tracking Control of 3-DOF Planar Parallel Manipulators," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 32-39, January 2023. 

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.