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IJMERR 2022 Vol.11(8): 622-630

Optimal Flower Pollination Based Nonlinear PID Controller for Pantograph Robot Mechanism

Layla M EL-Tehewy 1, Mohamed A. Shamseldin 2, Mohamed Sallam 3, and A. M. Abdel Ghany 4
1. Mechatronics Engineering Department, MTI University, Cairo, Egypt
2. Mechanical Engineering Department, Future University in Egypt, Cairo, Egypt
3. Mechanical Engineering Department, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt
4. Higher Engineering Institute, Thebes Academy, (on Leave From Helwan University), Cairo, Egypt

Abstract—Pantograph Robot Mechanism is considered a type of parallel manipulator which has been developed largely for industrial applications that need high accuracy and speed. Whereas, it needs a high-performance controller to track preselected trajectory planning. It is also able to carry higher weights than the open-chain mechanism with suitable accuracy and stability; this is because it consists of four active links and one passive link, instead of two links as in the open chain. This study presents a mathematical model for a closed chain pantograph mechanism, where the boundary conditions are taken into account. A complete MATLAB Simulink has been developed to simulate the dynamics of the pantograph robot mechanism. To validate the proposed mathematical model of the pantograph, the corresponding Simscape model had been developed. Also, two different tracking controllers were designed. The first control is the PID controller which had optimized by Flower Pollination (FP) optimization. The second control is an enhanced Nonlinear PID (NLPID) controller where its parameters were obtained by Flower Pollination (FP) optimization based on the effective objective function. A rectangular trajectory was selected to be a position reference of the end effector of the pantograph robot. This task was done using the proposed controllers to investigate the performance. The results show that the NLPID controller-based FP has a better performance compared to the PID controller. The end effector has a less rise time and settling time with high accuracy in the case of the NLPID controller.

Index Terms—flower pollination, pantograph robot, Nonlinear PID (PID), manipulator dynamics

Cite: Layla M EL-Tehewy, Mohamed A. Shamseldin, Mohamed Sallam, and A. M. Abdel Ghany, "Optimal Flower Pollination Based Nonlinear PID Controller for Pantograph Robot Mechanism," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 11, No. 8, pp. 622-630, August 2022. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.11.8.622-630

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.