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IJMERR 2022 Vol.11(8): 583-591

Investigation of Thermal Behaviour of (Steel Alloy (44K2), Titanium Aluminide, SiO2, Al2O3, ZrO2) Materials on Internal Combustion Engine Valves

Isam E. Yousif 1, Tolin S. Othman 2, and Mohammed Z. Hasan 1
1. Fuel and Energy Engineering Technologies Department/Technical Engineering College/ Northern Technical University, Kirkuk, Iraq
2. Technical of Chemical Industries Department/ Technical Institute/ Northern Technical University, Kirkuk, Iraq

Abstract—The paper aims to study the thermal stresses on an exhaust valve body with and without using the Thermal Barrier Coating technique (TBC) in the valve face region. A 2-dimensional model is created for the numerical analysis. The work is carried out with the aid of the ANSYS- APDL package. The procedure of the numerical analysis is divided into two processes. The first process is the thermal analysis to obtain the temperature values, which are set up as thermal loads for the structural analysis in the second process. The coating of the valve is carried out through three steps of analysis by selecting a single layer of TBC, a double layer of TBC, and a triple layer of TBC. Three types of TBC materials are taken in this work, which are SiO2, Al2O3, and ZrO2. The location of TBC type for the double and triple cases is taken into consideration, in the steps of analysis of double and triple design of exhaust vale coating is done by changing of the material type of TBC which it is on the upper or lower concerning the valve face. The results showed that using the SiO2 material as a TBC in the case of single, double, and triple coating of the exhaust valve face gives a low value of thermal deformations and thermal stresses. The stresses in steel alloy in cases without and with TBCs as compared to titanium valve showed a good reduction in thermal stresses for the titanium aluminide exhaust valve.

Index Terms— Thermal Barrier Coating Material, Finite Element Method, Thermal Stresses

Cite: Isam E. Yousif, Tolin S. Othman, and Mohammed Z. Hasan, "Investigation of Thermal Behaviour of (Steel Alloy (44K2), Titanium Aluminide, SiO2, Al2O3, ZrO2) Materials on Internal Combustion Engine Valves" International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 11, No. 8, pp. 583-591, August 2022. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.11.8.583-591

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