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Analysis and Research of Quadruped Robot's Actuators: A Review

Khalid Hussain 1, Zakarya Omar 1, Xingsong Wang 1, Orelaja Oluseyi Adewale 1, and Muhanad Elnour 2
1. School of Mechanical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, PR China
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
2. School of Automation, Southeast University, Nanjing, PR China

Abstract—As a vital component of quadruped robots, the actuator provides the robot with the primary source of power and torque needed to locomote and determine the application performance, such as load capacity, high-speed locomotion, and jumping agility. Over a recent couple of decades, outstanding work has been done to investigate the actuators adopted by quadruped robots, and numerous inquiries about it have been issued. These examination results are grouped into four classes (electrical actuators, hydraulic actuators, pneumatic actuators, and internal combustion engine actuators) according to actuation and then classified and analyzed. According to this basis, we study and sum up the actuators and their performance and efficiency to the robot locomotion and their design techniques. Finally, we give some recommendations for the development of the actuators used in quadruped robots. This analysis aims to summarize various studies and provide enlightenment for robotic designers to develop efficient actuators for quadruped robots in the future.

Index Terms—quadruped robots, actuators, hydraulic actuators, pneumatic actuators, electrical actuators

Cite: Khalid Hussain, Zakarya Omar, Xingsong Wang, Orelaja Oluseyi Adewale, and Muhanad Elnour, "Analysis and Research of Quadruped Robot's Actuators: A Review," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 10, No. 8, pp.436-442, August 2021. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.10.8.436-442

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.