The Study of Syphon and Applied in Hydroelectricity Power Production

Pornchai Pornharuthai 1 and Nuengruethai Ekthammathat 2
1. Program in Manufacturing Engineering and Mold Design, Faculty of science and Technology, Bansomdejchaophraya Rajabhat University, Bangkok
2. Program of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University, Bangkok
Abstract— Hydro power is the clean power from flowing water which can generate the electricity power by hydro turbine. Normally, the hydro power is from flow water resource such as river, canal or brook and so on. But this research studied hydroelectricity power which generated from standing water. The syphon is use to pump the water flow through hydroturbine, and then the water was applied in agriculture. In order that, the syphon composes with 4 conjugated tanks, 200 liter and connect to 100 watts generator. The electricity is charge to battery formerly. So, this research focuses on the parameters which affect to hydroelectricity power generation for increase the efficiency of water’s useful. The parameters are the design of hydro turbine and the angles of outlet pipe which flow the water to hydroturbine were tested at 45 and 90 degree, test and record the electricity and voltage data. The results show the hydro turbine which designed by stainless spoon and the angles of outlet pipe with 45 degree can generate the highest electricity power, current averages is about 204.4 mA ,voltage is 4.68 V and power is 956.59 mW. It could be conclude that the syphon which connected to electric generator can generate the hydroelectricity power and increase the amount of electricity by improving the design of hydroturbine and change the angles of outlet pipe to suitable direction. 

Index Terms— hydro power system, syphon, hydro turbine

Cite: Pornchai Pornharuthai and Nuengruethai Ekthammathat, "The Study of Syphon and Applied in Hydroelectricity Power Production," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 684-688, November 2018. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.7.6.684-688
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