Maximum Power Extraction from Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator in Wind Power Energy Systems Using Type-2 Fuzzy Logic

Sadegh Hesari 1 and Mohsen Noruzi Azghandi 2
1. Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
2. Department of Electrical Engineering, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
Abstract— In this paper, the control scheme of wind variable speed in wind energy systems for permanent-magnet synchronous generators is presented. The algorithm of this scheme allows the system to track the maximum power in wind speeds lower than turbine nominal speed, and assures that, when the wind speed is higher than the nominal speed, power will not exceed its nominal value. The control system is constituted by two parts: one for the generator side, and the other for the grid side. The basis of the controller in generator side is to track the maximum power through controlling the wind turbine rotation speed (w) using fuzzy logic. Type-2 Fuzzy Logic has been employed in order to have a better and more efficient control, as well as to resist against the uncertainties in system parameters. In grid-side converter, the active and reactive power controls have progressed to be able to be controlled by d- and q-axis components. The d-axis current is set at zero for unity power factor and the q-axis current is controlled to deliver the power flowing from the dc-link to the electric utility grid. The simulation of this scheme has been conducted in Simulink/Matlab Software and fuzzy toolbox. 

Index Terms— Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator, Type-2 Fuzzy Controller, Wind-Energy Conversion System

Cite: Sadegh Hesari and Mohsen Noruzi Azghandi, "Maximum Power Extraction from Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator in Wind Power Energy Systems Using Type-2 Fuzzy Logic," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 392-400, July 2018. DOI: 10.18178/ijmerr.7.4.392-400
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