Study of Mechanical Properties of Medium Density Fiber Board Composites Based on Various Resins in Comparison With Particle Board

M Kannan1, Raja Ram Prasad2, and Satyendra Singh3
1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Quantum School of Technology, Roorkee, India 247667
2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, BSM Engineering College, Roorkee, India 247667
3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, BCT Kumaon Engineering College, Dwarhat, Uttarakhand, India
Abstract—Polymer matrix composites have very wide range of applications. Medium density fiber board is a composite with wood fiber as reinforcement in resin as matrix. Composite samples were prepared using Phenol Formaldehyde (PF), Urea Formaldehyde (UF) and Melamine Formaldehyde (MF) resins as matrices separately for different resin glue system combinations with fibers of wood as reinforcement for different volume fractions. Mechanical and physical properties of these were studied and compared with particle board. Phenol formaldehyde based Medium density fiberboard showed excellent durability under humidity exposure and hence can be used for exterior applications. Urea Formaldehyde and Melamine Formaldehyde based Medium density fiber board were found suitable for indoor applications as it has less tolerance towards water. The research concluded that medium density fiber boards were found to have better properties over particle boards in both indoor and outdoor applications.

Index Terms—Medium density fiberboard, Phenol Formaldehyde (PF), Urea Formaldehyde (UF), Melamine Formaldehyde (MF), indoor and outdoor applications

Cite: M Kannan, Raja Ram Prasad, and Satyendra Singh, "Study of Mechanical Properties of Medium Density Fiber Board Composites Based on Various Resins in Comparison With Particle Board," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Special Issue, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 101-105, January 2014.

Copyright © 2016-2017 International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, All Rights Reserved
E-mail: ijmerr@ejournal.net