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Abstract—Polymer matrix composites have very wide range of applications. Medium density fiber board is
a composite with wood fiber as reinforcement in resin as matrix. Composite samples were
prepared using Phenol Formaldehyde (PF), Urea Formaldehyde (UF) and Melamine
Formaldehyde (MF) resins as matrices separately for different resin glue system combinations
with fibers of wood as reinforcement for different volume fractions. Mechanical and physical
properties of these were studied and compared with particle board. Phenol formaldehyde based
Medium density fiberboard showed excellent durability under humidity exposure and hence can
be used for exterior applications. Urea Formaldehyde and Melamine Formaldehyde based
Medium density fiber board were found suitable for indoor applications as it has less tolerance
towards water. The research concluded that medium density fiber boards were found to have
better properties over particle boards in both indoor and outdoor applications.
Index Terms—Medium density fiberboard, Phenol Formaldehyde (PF), Urea Formaldehyde (UF), Melamine Formaldehyde (MF), indoor and outdoor applications
Cite: M Kannan, Raja Ram Prasad, and Satyendra Singh, "Study of Mechanical Properties of Medium Density Fiber Board Composites Based on Various Resins in Comparison With Particle Board," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Special Issue, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 101-105, January 2014.